At Seminar Schloss Bogenhofen, Austria, manual work is an obligatory part of the educational program. Each student is expected to work about four hours a week for no pay. This is true of all students on the campus. Students may not simply pay money to the school to avoid this work obligation. Work is considered an important part of the educational process. This is true of many overseas Seventh-day Adventist campuses.
At Bogenhofen, institutional costs and budgets are made on the plan that each student will be working to help pay for part of the program without receiving remuneration. Beyond that time if a student chooses to work, there may be employment that will be available at regular student wages. The wages earned by these jobs will only provide money for incidentals. It will not be large enough to cover student accounts or travel. However, one of the ‘privileges’ of studying abroad will be involvement in a new type of work ethic which calls for the positive contribution of each student to the well-being of the whole institution. These jobs may be very different from what ACA students have done in the past, and they will probably involve ‘menial’ manual labor—janitorial, custodial, gardening jobs—not often ‘sophisticated’ professional white-collar jobs. Sagunto college has cancelled compulsory manual work.